Source code for ubelt.util_deprecate

"""
Currently this module provides one utility
:func:`ubelt.util_deprecate.schedule_deprecation` which allows a developer to
easily mark features in their libraries as deprecated.
"""


[docs] def schedule_deprecation(modname=None, name='?', type='?', migration='', deprecate=None, error=None, remove=None, # TODO: let the user have more control over the # message. # message=None, warncls=DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=1): """ Deprecation machinery to help provide users with a smoother transition. This function provides a concise way to mark a feature as deprecated by providing a description of the deprecated feature, documentation on how to migrate away from the deprecated feature, and the versions that the feature is scheduled for deprecation and eventual removal. Based on the version of the library and the specified schedule this function will either do nothing, emit a warning, or raise an error with helpful messages for both users and developers. Args: modname (str | None): The name of the underlying module associated with the feature to be deprecated. The module must already be imported and have a passable ``__version__`` attribute. If unspecified, version info cannot be used. name (str): The name of the feature to deprecate. This is usually a function or argument name. type (str): A description of what the feature is. This is not a formal type, but rather a prose description: e.g. "argument to my_func". migration (str): A description that lets users know what they should do instead of using the deprecated feature. deprecate (str | None): The version when the feature is officially deprecated and this function should start to emit a deprecation warning. Can also be the strings: "soon" or "now" if the timeline isnt perfectly defined. error (str | None): The version when the feature is officially no longer supported, and will start to raise a RuntimeError. Can also be the strings: "soon" or "now". remove (str | None): The version when the feature is completely removed. An AssertionError will be raised if this function is still present reminding the developer to remove the feature (or extend the remove version). Can also be the strings: "soon" or "now". warncls (type): This is the category of warning to use. Defaults to :class:`DeprecationWarning`. stacklevel (int): The stacklevel can be used by wrapper functions to indicate where the warning is occurring. Returns: str : the constructed message Note: If deprecate, remove, or error is specified as "now" or a truthy value it will force that check to trigger immediately. If the value is "soon", then the check will not trigger. Note: The :class:`DeprecationWarning` is not visible by default. https://docs.python.org/3/library/warnings.html Example: >>> # xdoctest: +REQUIRES(module:packaging) >>> import ubelt as ub >>> import sys >>> import types >>> import pytest >>> dummy_module = sys.modules['dummy_module'] = types.ModuleType('dummy_module') >>> # When less than the deprecated version this does nothing >>> dummy_module.__version__ = '1.0.0' >>> ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='1.1.0', error='1.2.0', remove='1.3.0') >>> # But when the module version increases above the threshold, >>> # the warning is raised. >>> dummy_module.__version__ = '1.1.0' >>> with pytest.warns(DeprecationWarning): ... msg = ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='1.1.0', error='1.2.0', remove='1.3.0') >>> print(msg) The "myfunc" function was deprecated in 1.1.0, will cause an error in 1.2.0 and will be removed in 1.3.0. The current version is 1.1.0. do something else Example: >>> # xdoctest: +REQUIRES(module:packaging) >>> # Demo the various cases >>> import ubelt as ub >>> import sys >>> import types >>> import pytest >>> dummy_module = sys.modules['dummy_module'] = types.ModuleType('dummy_module') >>> # When less than the deprecated version this does nothing >>> dummy_module.__version__ = '1.1.0' >>> # Now this raises warning >>> with pytest.warns(DeprecationWarning): ... dummy_module.__version__ = '1.1.0' ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='1.1.0', error='1.2.0', remove='1.3.0') >>> # Now this raises an error for the user >>> with pytest.raises(RuntimeError): ... dummy_module.__version__ = '1.2.0' ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='1.1.0', error='1.2.0', remove='1.3.0') >>> # Now this raises an error for the developer >>> with pytest.raises(AssertionError): ... dummy_module.__version__ = '1.3.0' ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='1.1.0', error='1.2.0', remove='1.3.0') >>> # When no versions are specified, it simply emits the warning >>> with pytest.warns(DeprecationWarning): ... dummy_module.__version__ = '1.1.0' ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else') >>> # Test with soon / now >>> with pytest.warns(Warning): ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='now', error='soon', remove='soon', warncls=Warning) >>> # Test with truthy values >>> with pytest.raises(RuntimeError): ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... 'dummy_module', 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate=True, error=1, remove=False) >>> # Test with No module >>> with pytest.warns(Warning): ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... None, 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='now', error='soon', remove='soon', warncls=Warning) >>> # Test with No module >>> with pytest.warns(Warning): ... ub.schedule_deprecation( ... None, 'myfunc', 'function', 'do something else', ... deprecate='now', error='2.0.0', remove='soon', warncls=Warning) """ import sys import warnings from packaging.version import parse as Version if modname is not None: module = sys.modules[modname] current = Version(module.__version__) else: # TODO: use the inspect module to get the function / module this was # called from and fill in unspecified values. current = 'unknown' def _handle_when(when, default): if when is None: is_now = default when_str = '' elif isinstance(when, str): if when in {'soon', 'now'}: when_str = ' {}'.format(when) is_now = (when == 'now') else: when = Version(when) when_str = ' in {}'.format(when) if current == 'unknown': is_now = default else: is_now = current >= when else: is_now = bool(when) when_str = '' return is_now, when_str deprecate_now, deprecate_str = _handle_when(deprecate, default=True) remove_now, remove_str = _handle_when(remove, default=False) error_now, error_str = _handle_when(error, default=False) # TODO: make the message more customizable. msg = ( 'The "{name}" {type} was deprecated{deprecate_str}, will cause ' 'an error{error_str} and will be removed{remove_str}. The current ' 'version is {current}. {migration}' ).format(**locals()).strip() if remove_now: raise AssertionError( 'Forgot to remove deprecated: ' + msg + ' ' + 'Remove the function, or extend the scheduled remove version.' ) if error_now: raise RuntimeError(msg) if deprecate_now: warnings.warn(msg, warncls, stacklevel=1 + stacklevel) return msg